The Voice is Everything

Nichols asserts that  voice “is the means by which this particular point of view or perspective becomes known to us.” What are the  technical ways this voice can appear?

The technical ways voice can appear in documentary are the literal voice, of someone like the narrator, as well as other audio choice’s as certain soundtracks and noises can alImage result for bill nichols introduction to documentaryso make you feel the tone better. Voice doesn’t have to just be audio however, it can be the way the camera is placed to create a certain angle, or maybe the way the b-roll is put together. Like Nichols says voice “is the means by which this particular point of view or perspective becomes known to us.” (Nichols 2001) So by Nichols definition, any part of the film can be its voice so long as it portraits a point of view. The dictionary definition of documentary is “a movie or a television or radio program that provides a factual record or report.” So if a documentary at its core, exists solely to provide record or report on a topic, I.E. providing prospective, than it can be assumed that everything within a film is in some way that films voice.

How are commentary and perspective laid out in chapter three? How do they differ? How are they similar?

Commentary and perspective are very similar in the sense that both can be represented orally, but there are some key differences. For one, commentary requires dialogue, in order to make a commentary on something you need to have people speaking. While possible to represent perspective through a person talking, it can be shown. Visuals can provide emotions often times words can’t, these often make you feel some way, whether it’s boredom or excitement, if it makes you feel a certain way, it’s given you perspective. The best way to think of it is this, Commentary is a tool that allows a filmmaker to provide perspective. The two are similar, as they both take large part in determining the voice of film, however they are far from the same.